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Debit and Credit in Banking

Debit and credit in banking are terms used to represent the arrival and departure of material and cash values. Active accounts are maintained by debit, while inactive accounts are maintained by credit. Inactive accounts have a history of attraction and withdrawal of funds. While debit represents the arrival and departure of material values, credit denotes cash inflow.


If you run a business or own a checking account, you must understand the difference between debits and credits. These two fundamental accounting concepts are the basis for every account on a bank’s chart of accounts and general ledger. Without a basic understanding of debits and credits, your business cannot stay afloat. Here are some reasons why it’s essential to understand the difference between them. Read on to learn more.

Account numbering

An account number is a series of digits that uniquely identify a bank account in banking. The bank assigns an account number to every account; debits increase the balance while credits decrease it. Debits and credits are always logged in the left column. Account numbers are used to facilitate access to funds. Account numbers are also used to identify different accounts with the same financial institution.

Identifying accounts

Debit and Credit in Banking

Identifying accounts is an important step in anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing activities. Banks have several methods to identify accounts, and the guidelines set out by the Basel Committee provide general guidelines. The guidelines should be tailored to the specific risks posed by different customers and relationships. Banks should consider the risk levels of their customers to determine how to implement customer identification programs best. This document explains how to identify bank accounts in more detail.

Recording transactions

The basic accounting rule is to always record debits on the left and credits on the right. Debits increase liability, and credits increase owners’ equity. Both should be equal. The law of debit and credit links these two sides of the accounting equation. When a credit exceeds a debit, the transaction is a credit, and vice versa. This principle is used in accounting to generate financial statements.

Meaning of abbreviations

You’ve seen bank statement abbreviations, but how many of them do you understand? While fewer people receive paper versions of their statements these days, these papers can still contain valuable information about your accounts, including fees and confusing information. They can help you budget and stay informed about your financial situation. This article will go over some common banking abbreviations and their meanings.

Using debits and credits

When you make a payment, you record debit and a credit. Debits represent money that you own, and credits represent money you owe. Both types of accounts are used in banking. Most businesses use the double-entry accounting method, which organizes the business into individual accounts for each aspect of the business. When you use a credit card, you make a purchase. Both transactions will reduce your account balance, but credit cards represent the money you owe.



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